The Wooden Window Workshop - Sash Window Restoration Service
Premier Wooden Window Company Brings to you
A Concise History of The City of London
Corporate Members of The Guild of Master Craftsman
The History of London
To the twelve million people who reside in the Metropolitan area of London a huge majority never really know of it's real history thus to borrow the title of a certain Stephen Hawking book, here is a 'brief history of time'...
The Romans
Established by the Romans in AD43 as Londinium, the city has had more than it's fair share of happenings that began almost immediately.  IN AD60 the Icenian Queen Boudica sacked the settlements but the city was quickly rebuilt as a planned Roman town and grew rapidly.  In the second century it had replaced Colchester as the capital of Roman Britain.
In the Third Century, Londinium was raided on many occasions by Saxon pirates and during that period the Roman's built the London wall that would survive for the next 1600 years and define it's borders for centuries to come.  Six of the traditional seven city gates remain by name today – Ludgate, Newgate, Aldersgate, Cripplegate, Bishopsgate and Aldgate.  The other, Moorgate is of medieval origin.
London sash window renovation
The Vikings and the Anglo-Saxons
By the time the Fifth Century had arrived, the Roman Empire was in decline and the occupation of Britain had come to an end.  The city had been virtually abandoned but during the next couple of hundred years the Anglo Saxons began to settle at the old site due to its massive strategic importance on the River Thames.
The Viking Great Heathen Army attacked the city in the Ninth Century with large-scale attacks in the years 842 and 871.  English forces led by King Alfred the Great defeated the Vikings at the Battle of Edington in the year 878 and English rule was restored.  The city was rebuilt and re-established to improves defences within the old Roman walls.  In time the city came under the control of English Kings and in the tenth century, although Winchester had been the capital of the Kingdom of England, it was King Aethelred the Unready who favoured London as the capital once again in the year 978.
But the Vikings still persisted and finally overran the city led by the Great Viking Forkbeard of Denmark.  After years of war and bloodshed it was Edward the Confessor who took up the throne in 1042 to restore the Anglo-Saxon line.
The Peasant's Revolt
Then in 1066, aggrieved at not being next in line for the throne, William of Normandy sent his armies to invade England and defeated the then King of England, Harold. 
Under William the Conqueror's control, forts and recognisable landmarks were built including the Tower of London, the Palace of Westminster and the London Bridge. 
A Peasant's Revolt in 1381 led by Wat Tyler looted the city and invaded London.  They stormed the Tower of London and executed the Lord Chancellor and many other Government officials.
London lost over half of it's population in the mid-fourteenth century due to the terrifying Black Death.  The plague would return sixteen times before resulting in the Great Plague of 1665.
The Tudors
The Tudors of the Fifteenth and Sixteenth centuries transformed England form a weakened country into a powerful state that in coming centuries would dominate much of the world.  In 1572 the Spanish destroyed the Great City of Antwerp and put London top of the Hierarchy list for North Sea Ports.  A vast expansion of population and wealth in the city of London followed dramatically.
Two Years of Horror
The unsanitary and overcrowded City of London became victim to the Great Plague in 1665 and 1666, it took with it over a fifth of the entire population with thousands dying each week and most of London became infected.
In 1666, the Great Fire of London broke out and in a timely paradox actually decimated the plague but the devastation was immense.  Houses would explode at random from their stored gunpowder supplies and people fall onto the streets as the entire city burned around them.
The Fire destroyed over sixty percent of the city including eighty-seven churches but only a small number of people were killed.  Within a few days, plans were put forward so that once again the City of London could be rebuilt.
Wooden windows in London a breif history of London, we hope you enjoy reading!
The World's Largest City
Eighteenth Century London was besieged by crime and penalties were harsh. The death penalty was given to minor crimes and hangings became public events.
During the Nineteenth Century, London was transformed into the world's largest city and was largely unrivalled until Paris and New York began to threaten its dominance. But it was also a city of poverty where millions lived in overcrowded slums and inner city projects. In 1863 the first lines of the London Underground were constructed and 2100km of tunnels were laid beneath London to take away sewage and provide drinking water.
London entered the Twentieth Century as the capital of the largest empire in history but the city was about to be razed to the ground once again. It experienced its first bombing raids from German Airships during the Great War but this was merely a pre-warning of what was to come. Then came the Great Depression of the Thirties and London was left with epidemic unemployment figures.
The Empire's Decline
During World War Two, London suffered severe damage receiving almost twenty thousand tonnes of explosive and over seventy-one air raids. Over thirty thousand Londoners were killed in the raids and fifty thousand had been seriously injured. Tens of thousands of buildings were destroyed and half a million were made homeless.
"And once again London had to rebuild itself.
Industrialisation of the coal industry brought new struggles. The Great Smog of 1952 lasted for almost a week and killed over four thousand people. Terrorist attacks by the Provisional IRA wreaked havoc on London for a few decades along with race riots in Brixton and then a few more decades after that, attacks on the city's public transport system brought London to a halt once more.
Haunted London
London has endured the ages but the city has been rebuilt over and over again and with it comes a reputation as being the most haunted city in the world and this attracts more visitors than the Royal Family. They participate in Jack the Ripper walks, take a trip through the dungeons and visit places like 50 Berkeley Square where the ghost of a lunatic still resides in the attics.
The Tower of London, reputed to be the most haunted building in the Western world attracts most visitors to the area. Only very recently a chamber was opened up where they discovered over 300 hundred skeletons. The White Tower where the torture chambers are located is said to be the most haunted area, where objects shatter for no explainable reason.
The City Beneath
Of the people that live in London now, most would never know of the secret tunnels that exist beneath their feet. Disused Tube tunnels are scattered beneath London, some have been used for government purposes but others remain dormant, lost to the annals of planning upon planning. Stories of lost trains are abundant and tube lines that go nowhere due to events the truth of which will never be found in official records.
A secret tube station is said to exist underneath Buckingham Palace so that in the event of war, the Queen and other Royals can escape London. There are said to be other tunnels that link the Houses of Parliament with Downing Street and the Palace. A small underground town named 'Q-Whitehall' was built at a cost of £110 million in the early nineties where officials would meet in the event of a national attack. It's hidden entrance points around the city are disguised as shops, houses, apartment blocks and some say – even phone boxes!
The Future of London
...or the Empire Strikes Back
Having hosted the Olympics in 2012, London was again the focus of the entire world and with innovative technology being created constantly and new transport systems being built - the future of London is looking very good.
With all the lessons of the past under it's wing, the city moves forward into a similar but ever changing world of possibilities, ready and willing to create new histories for future worlds to look back on.